Franz West was born in Vienna in 1947, where he continues to live and work. He began making Paßstücke in 1976, and metal sculpture/furniture in the mid-eighties. During that decade he exhibited widely in Europe and elsewhere, representing Austria at the Venice Biennale in 1990. In 1989 a large show of his work was presented at The Institute for Contemporary Art, P.S. 1 Museum, in Long Island City.