Walter De Maria was born in 1935 in Albany, California, and studied history and art at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1960 he moved to New York City, where he continues to live and work. With Robert Whitman, De Maria cofounded a gallery at 9 Great Jones Street, Manhattan, in 1963, and held a show of his sculptures there that year. His work was included in the "Primary Structures" exhibition at the Jewish Museum, New York, in 1966. De Maria has had numerous international shows, at venues including the Kunsthaus Zürich (1999), the Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt (1991), the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart (1987), and the Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam (1984). Walter De Maria died on July 25, 2013.