Gerhard Richter was born in Dresden in 1932. He studied at the art academy in Dresden between 1951 and 1956 and at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf from 1961 to 1963, becoming a professor there in 1971. Since his first solo show at Galerie René Block in Berlin in 1964, Richter has exhibited in many international venues, including Documentas 5 (1972), 7 (1982), 8 (1987), 9 (1992), and 10 (1997). In 1998, the Art Gallery of Ontario and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, co-organized Richter's first North American retrospective. During its 1995–96 season, Dia exhibited Atlas, Richter's ongoing encyclopedic work composed of photographs, reproductions, and illustrations; during Dia's 2002–03 season, Richter presented, with Jorge Pardo, "Refraction," an exhibition in Project, Pardo's redesign of Dia's bookshop, lobby, and first-floor exhibition gallery in Chelsea. In 2002, the Museum of Modern Art, New York, presented a major retrospective of Richter's paintings, which traveled throughout the United States.