Dia Art Foundation is committed to advancing, realizing, and preserving the vision of artists. Dia fulfills its mission by commissioning single artist projects, organizing exhibitions, realizing site-specific installations, and collecting in-depth the work of a focused group of artists of the 1960s and 1970s.
Dia was founded in New York City in 1974 by Philippa de Menil, Heiner Friedrich, and Helen Winkler to help artists achieve visionary projects that might not otherwise be realized because of scale or scope. To suggest the institution’s role in enabling such ambitions, they selected the name “Dia,” taken from the Greek word meaning “through.”
Today it consists of nine permanent sites across the United States and Germany, as well as three changing exhibition spaces in New York State: Dia Chelsea in New York City, Dia Beacon in the Hudson Valley, and Dia Bridgehampton on Long Island.
From the beginning, Dia demonstrated a willingness to follow and support artists’ ideas. Many of Dia’s early, major projects are sited outside the museum or gallery. These projects are open to the public and continue to be maintained by Dia today.
Dia commissioned and maintains The Lightning Field, completed by Walter De Maria in 1977 near Quemado, New Mexico. Additionally, De Maria’s installations The New York Earth Room (1977) and The Broken Kilometer (1979) in New York City and The Vertical Earth Kilometer (1977) in Kassel, Germany, have been on view for over 30 years.
In 1983, Dia inaugurated the Dan Flavin Art Institute in Bridgehampton, New York.
In 1999, Dia acquired Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty (1970), in Great Salt Lake, Utah, as a gift from the estate of the artist.
Dia also maintains several other long-term, site-specific projects in New York City, including Max Neuhaus’s Times Square (1977) and Joseph Beuys’s 7000 Eichen (7000 Oaks), inaugurated at Documenta in 1982.
In 2018, Dia acquired Nancy Holt’s Sun Tunnels (1973-76), in the Great Basin Desert in northwestern Utah, from the Holt/Smithson Foundation.
In 2023, Cameron Rowland’s Depreciation, 2018, became a new Dia site. Dia’s stewardship of Depreciation extends its unwavering commitment to site-specific projects that has been in place since the foundation’s inception in the 1970s.
In May 2003, Dia Art Foundation opened Dia Beacon on the banks of the Hudson River in Beacon, New York, in a former Nabisco box printing factory. The museum presents Dia’s collection of art from the 1960s to the present as well as special exhibitions and public programs.
Since its opening, Dia Beacon has helped transform the city of Beacon into a vibrant arts destination for visitors from the region, New York City, and beyond.
Dia presents temporary exhibitions, performances, lectures, and readings on West 22nd Street in New York City. Dia Chelsea offers free admission. Since re-opening in 2021, Dia Chelsea has presented commissions by Lucy Raven and Camille Norment as well as a retrospective of Chryssa’s works.
Dia's ongoing series of Artist on Artist lectures and Readings in Contemporary Poetry are held at 535 West 22nd Street in New York City. Exhibitions are presented in the adjacent buildings at 541 and 545 West 22nd Street.
From 1987 through 2004, Dia presented ambitious long-term art installations at Dia Center for the Arts at 548 West 22nd Street. Highlights included projects by Robert Gober, Jenny Holzer, Pierre Huyghe, Robert Irwin, On Kawara, Jorge Pardo, Robert Ryman, Fred Sandback, Jessica Stockholder, Diana Thater, Lawrence Weiner, and Robert Whitman.
Throughout the years, Dia has collaborated with other organizations to help share the visions and aspirations of artists. In the late 1970s, Dream House, a sound and light installation by La Monte Young and Marian Zazeela, located in New York City, was initiated with Dia’s support, and the installation of works by Donald Judd in Marfa, Texas, was begun by Judd with Dia’s assistance and is now operated by the Chinati Foundation.
Dia’s contributions have also spawned new entities such as the Cy Twombly Gallery (opened in 1994) and the Andy Warhol Museum (opened in 1995), as well as helped support permanent projects such as Michael Heizer’s City in Nevada and James Turrell’s Roden Crater in Arizona.